Coordinating: Exchanging information and altering program activities for mutual benefit and to achieve a common purpose. Requires more organisational involvement than networking, higher level of trust and some access to one’s turf.
Cooperating: Exchanging information, altering activities and sharing resources for mutual benefit and to achieve a common purpose. Increased organisational commitment, may involve written agreements, shared resources can involve human, financial and technical contributions. Requires a substantial amount of time, high level of trust and significant sharing of turf.
Collaborating: Exchanging information, altering activities, sharing resources and enhancing each other’s capacity for mutual benefit and to achieve a common goal. The qualitative difference to cooperating is that organisations and individuals are willing to learn from each other to become better at what they do. Collaborating means that organisations share risks, responsibilities and rewards. It requires a substantial time commitment, very high level of trust, and sharing turf.
Integrating: Completely merging two organisations in regards to client operations as well as administrative structure.
Where Collective Impact fits
You can’t do Collective Impact without collaborating. You can collaborate without doing Collective Impact.
On the continuum of collaboration, Collective Impact sits under ‘collaboration’.
Collective Impact is a framework for working collaboratively. The framework provides the key elements for increasing the chances for your collaborative effort to be successful and create impact.